Today Facebook’s 15th anniversary invites consumers and advertisers alike to look back at the many challenges the company has faced and question what lies ahead for the next 15. Will Facebook still dominate as a major player in social media and advertising? Or will its platform and purpose transform? 

Recently released research from Forrester uncovered a threatening shift in consumer interest in the brand despite steady advertising and a consistent user base. Forrester’s Brigitte Majewski, Jessica Liu and Anjali Lai reflect on the future of Facebook, especially as it relates to brand perception, marketing/advertising and consumer engagement:

Brigitte Majewski, Vice President & Principal Analyst 

Jessica Liu, Senior Analyst 

Compare how much marketing on Facebook has changed in 15 years to how much TV advertising changed in 80 years. A TV ad remains a TV ad by any other name. But in the lifespan of a high school sophomore, brands have flip-flopped from seeking Facebook followers to praying for a viral video to orchestrating sophisticated social advertising.   

Facebook’s Q4 2018 earnings call revealed that marketers drove precious holiday direct response advertising through Facebook to the tune of $16.6 billion in Q4 2018, compared to $12.8 billion in Q4 of 2017. Today’s Facebook is all grown up by advertising standards.  

Facebook delivers 186 million daily active users (DAU) in the U.S. and Canada. Where else can marketers get this kind of reach, plus superlative targeting? And yet, the relationship between marketers and Facebook is strained. The network is infamous for pushing platform changes on little notice that send brands scurrying to rejigger social marketing strategies. Facebook limits access to advertising performance data, asking ad clients to trust its own reporting. These challenges are small compared to brand safety issues posed by fake news and toxic content, ad fraud issues stemming from fake accounts and bots, and the threat of guilty-by-association posed by Facebook’s lax data privacy policies. But when the chief growth office of Publicis tells the New York Times that Facebook has no morals,’ surely Facebook is at risk of being massively unfriended by its 7 million advertisers.    

And yet, Q4 ARPU is up YOY in every geography. Marketers just can’t quit Facebook. What will it take? We’re stilling waiting for a dramatic change in user base but as we’ve reported before, user behavior changes slowly. Demographic changes will eventually catch up with Facebook, though it has time to buy up competitors who appeal to younger demographics not interested in Facebook. Cracking new user behaviors is a challenge. Right now North America carries Facebook’s advertising revenue. Volume wise, most new DAUs between Q3 and Q4 came from Asia Pacific which makes sense given the region’s size.  But APAC digital behaviors vary dramatically from North America and Facebook is struggling to figure out how to monetize where its user growth is. 

Marketers choose Facebook because little else delivers the audience for the price. Few competitors can deliver Facebook’s reach, but competition could appear with ads that are better branding vehicles. Brands need a balance of DR and brand-building activity over the course of the brand’s life. While many new direct-to-consumer brands (think Casper) make their start on social platforms like Facebook, scale for these digital disruptors often requires adding television as the emotionally rich, scalable perception-builder. Disney could pose a threat here. But even these forms fail to reflect the rich engagement of Facebook’s platform built on its network effect. For these we are keeping an eye on radically new engagement platforms like Fortnite and Twitch which bring people together in totally new scenarios.      

Because it seems users and advertisers need to be saved from themselves, the biggest buzz among marketers regarding Facebook is regulation. Whatever regulation gets Facebook in the end, it will end up costing Facebook, not just in term of dollars spent to comply (e.g., systems, resources) but also in terms of hindered agility. Facebook already admitted in its earning call that dealing with security and privacy took its eye off the ball in terms of innovation and increased costs (does anything signal Facebook’s adulthood more than how often it referenced cost in this last earnings call?). Facebook’s challenge with regulation is not that it will hinder what it does today, but that it will cause it to miss what is next.” 


Anjali Lai, Senior Analyst 

“What Facebook has accomplished in 15 years is truly an amazing feat – from a young student’s play in the college dorm room, Facebook has grown into the massive global network we know because it capitalized on human being’s age-old insatiable curiosity to peer into the lives of others and to curate a public identity.   

But as the platform launched new features, users began to realize the inherently creepy dimension of the social network (remember when users were shocked to learn Facebook started showing posts between other friends on their wall?). As the series of revelations about fake news, advertising agendas, and dubious data sharing practices escalated during 2018, consumers began to feel downright violated.   

Today consumers are conflicted. The impulse to peer into the lives of others and curate a public identity continues to drive users to Facebook. But where Facebook’s massive scale made this feel like a novelty a decade ago, today it is consumers’ source for entertainment and outlet to exhaust time.  

Despite little behavior change, Forrester’s Consumer Energy Index shows that Facebook’s latest events repeatedly took a toll on consumer emotion and chipped away at the brand’s goodwill. To stay engaged, consumers don’t want to see overtly branded content – they want to get back to what drew them to the platform in the first place: feeling closely connected with friends and family.”